The Use of Mnemonic Technique in Increasing Students’ English Vocabulary Mastery


  • Ummul Husnul Auliya Datokarama State Islamic University, Palu, Indonesia.
  • Nurdin Nurdin Datokarama State Islamic University, Palu, Indonesia.
  • Afifah Afifah Datokarama State Islamic University, Palu, Indonesia.



Mnemonic Technique, Vocabulary Mastery, Classroom Action Research


Acquiring a sufficient vocabulary in English can be a formidable obstacle, which in turn affects one's proficiency in listening, speaking, reading, and writing. Students frequently encounter difficulties in comprehending word meanings. In order to tackle this issue, multiple strategies are utilized to improve one's command of vocabulary, one of which is the Mnemonic Technique. This study examines the efficacy of the Mnemonic Technique in enhancing vocabulary acquisition among tenth-grade students at SMKS Muhammadiyah Marawola. The data for this study were acquired through field notes, observation sheets, and pre-test and post-tests as part of a Classroom Action Research project. The Mnemonic Technique, specifically the acrostic approach, was employed to enhance memory by constructing sentences. The study comprised two iterations, with each iteration encompassing preparation, execution, observation, and reflection stages. The results demonstrated a noteworthy enhancement in the students' proficiency in language. During cycle I, the average pre-test score was 65.87, which subsequently rose to 73.87 in the post-test. During cycle II, the average post-test score showed a further improvement to 89.87. The proportion of pupils achieving the passing grade increased from 75% in cycle I to 87.5% in cycle II. In conclusion, the Mnemonic Technique has been shown to be beneficial in improving students' vocabulary, increasing their level of engagement, fostering creativity, and leading to higher learning outcomes.


Ahamdi, Mohammad Reza (2012). Improving Vocabulary Learning In Foreign Language Learning Through Reciproal Teaching Strategy. USM.

Amiryousefi, Mohammed and Saeed Ketabi. (2011). Mnemonic Instruction: A Way to Boost Vocabulary Learning and Recall. Department of English.

Bhinnety, Magna. Struktur dan Proses Memori. UGM.

Brigham, Frederick. Focus on Mnemonic Instruction. Accessed on December 23ᵗʰ, 2020 at

Dale, Paulette and Lilian poms. (2005). English Pronounciation Made Simple. New York: Longman.

Daun, Manfu and Xiaohui Qian. (2012). Collocation In English Teaching and Learning. ( Finlandia:).

Fatimah, Siti,dkk. (2017). The Effect of Using L1 in EFL Teaching on Secondary School Students’ Vocabulary Achievement. Mulawarman University.

G, Abbas Pourhosein. (2016). “English Pronounciation Instruction: A Literature Review.” Islamic Azad University.

Glynn, Dylan And Justyna A Robinson. (2014). Corpus Methods For Semantics: Quantitative Studies in Polysemy and Synonymy. Amsterdam: Johan Benjamin Publishing Company.

Handayani. (2017). Teaching English Pronounciation Using Film. Indonesia University of Education.

Hatch, Evelyn and Cheryl Brown. (1995). Voocabulary, Semantics, And Language Education. England: Cambridge University Press.

Hobbs, james B. (1930). Homophones and Homographs An American Dictionary. North Carolina: Inc Publisher.

Hunt, Meghan and Jay Feng. (2016). Improving Vocabulary of English Language Learners Through Direct Vocabulary Instruction. Chinese American Educational Research and Development.

Kadir (2010). Statistika. Jakarta: Rosemata Sampurna,.

Kareena, Mohamed Ismail Fouzal (2015). English Spelling and Its Difficult Nature. SEUSL

Kemmis, Stephen and Robin McTaggart Rhonda Nixon (2014). The action Research Planner: Doing Critical Participatory Action Research.New York: Springer

Lubin, Jacqueline and Edward A polloway (2016). Mnemonic Instruction In Science and Social Studies for Students with Learning Problems. Lynchburg College

Mahmud dan Tedi Priatna (2008). Penelitian Tindakan Kelas: Teori dan Praktik. Bandung: KDT.

Markus, Zunita Mohamed and Harun Baharudin (2016). Learning a Word: From Receptive Vocabulary Knowledge or Productive Vocabulary Knowledge in Wtiting Skill, Which One Improtant?. National University of Malaysia

Mishra, Shanti Bushan And Shasi Alok (2011). Handbook of Research Methodology: A Compedium for Schoolars And Researcher. New Delhi: Educreation Publishing.

Moehkardi, Rio rini Diah (2010). Patterns and Meaning of English Words Through Word Formation Proccess of Acronym, Clipping, Compound, and Blending Found In Internet Based-Media. UGM.

Nia Lestari (2016). The Use of Mnemonic Technique to Increase Students’ Vocabulary Mastery. Skripsi diterbitkan, Jurusan Tarbiyah, IAIN Salatiga, Salatiga.

Nolen, Jeanneta L (2020). Mnemonic Memory Aid. Accessed on December 23ᵗʰ. onic

Ozturk, Meral (2017). Multiple Meaning In The EFL Lexicon. Uludag University,

Qureshi, Ayisha,dkk (2014). The Method of Loci as A Mnemonic Device to Facilitate Learning in Endocriminology Leads To Improve In Student Performance as Measured by assressment.

Rao, Chandra Sekhar (2017). A Brief Of Words Used in Denotation And Connotation. SITECH,

Rohmatillah. A Study on Students’ Difficulties In Learning Vocabulary. IAIN Raden Intan lampung.

Romi Anshorullah (2008). Efektifitas Metode Mnemonik Dalam Meningkatkan Daya Ingat Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Sejarah. Skripsi diterbitkan, UIN Malang, malang.

Schmitt, Norbert dan Michael McCharthy (1997). Vocabulary, Acquisition, And Pedagogy. United Kingdom: University Press.

Shields, Cristopher (1999). Order In Multiplicity: Homonymy in Philosophy of Aristotle. New York: Oxford University Press.

Sujarwo. Using Mnemonic Technique In Improving Vocabulary Achievement of the Twelfth Grade Students. STKIP.

Supriyadi (2017). Penerapan Strategi Pembelajaran Menyenangkan Dengan Humor Dalam Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Siswa Kelas X Di SMA Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin Palembang. UIN Raden Fatah Palembang.

Suryana. (2010). Metodologu Penelitian: Model Praktis Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif. UPI

Susana, Intan (2017). Enhancing For Vocabulary Mastery Through Mnemonic Keyword Method To The University Students. PGRI STKIP.

Susanto, Alpino (2017). The Teaching of Vocabulary: A Perspective. University Tun Hussein.

Ummah, Haniatul (2018). The Effect of Mnemonic Keyword Method on Students’ Vocabulary Mastery Viewed From Students’ Creativity. UNISMUH Surakarta

Ur, Pennt (1996). A Course In Language Teaching: Practice and Theory. New York: University Press.

Warmel, Sarjeet Singh (2014). Translation Process and Problem of Translation in World Classics. Dr. Haris Singh Gour Central University.

Zhong, Hua (2016). Learning A Word: From Receptive Vocabulary Use. The University Of Sydney.




How to Cite

Ummul Husnul Auliya, Nurdin, N., & Afifah, A. (2024). The Use of Mnemonic Technique in Increasing Students’ English Vocabulary Mastery. Datokarama English Education Journal, 5(1), 55–62.