• Nurfauziah Mansur Datokarama State Islamic University
  • Fatima Datokarama State Islamic University
  • Zulfikri Zulfikri Datokarama State Islamic University Palu





This research aims at finding out the use of crossword puzzle in improving vocabulary mastery at seven grade students of SMP Negeri 10 Palu. This research applied a quasi-experimental design, in which there were two groups, an experimental and a control group. Seven grade E was the experimental group, while seven grade F was the control group. This research involved 50 students of SMP Negeri 10 Palu. The samples of this research were taken from the population of grade seven students by using a purposive sampling technique. The researcher used tests as the instrument for collecting data. The tests were divided into two; pre-test and post-test which were given to the experimental and control group. The treatment was conducted six times and was given to the experimental group by using a crossword puzzle, while the control group used the other technique. The data obtained from the test were analysed statistically. From the analysis, there was a difference between the achievement of the experimental (85.5) and the control group (44.2). It was based on the hypothesis testing done, by using 0.05 level of significance and 48 degrees of freedom (df), the researcher found that t-counted (6.08) is higher than t-table (2.0126). It means that the hypothesis (Ha) is accepted or in other words, the use of crossword puzzles has a significant effect on students’ learning outcomes in learning vocabulary.


Adenan, Ferry. (1984). Puzzle and games for Students of IKIP Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Anwar, Taofik Anwar & Efransyah (2018). Teaching English Vocabulary Using Crossword Puzzle Game at Seventh Grade Students.Cimahi: IKIP Siliwangi Press.

Brown, D. (2001). Teaching by Principles an Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. San Fransisco: San Fransisco University.

Cahyo, Agus N. (2011). Gudang Permainan Kreatif Khusus Asah Otak Kiri Anak. Jakarta: Flashbook.

Cameron, Lynne. (2001). Teaching English to Young Learners. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., and Marrison K. (2007). Research methods in Education. London and New York: Taylor & Franvis Group.

Cresswell, J.W. 2005. Educational Research: Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quatitative and Qualitative Research (second ed). Ohio: Pearson Education, Inc.

Landou, S.I (1975). Double Day Dictionary. New York: Gareden City and Corine.

Manaf, Ngusman. (2008). Semantik Teori dan Terapannya dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Padang: UNP Press.

Napa, P.A. (1991). Vocabulary Development Skill. Jogjakarta: Kanisius

Rivers, Wilga M. (1981). Teaching Foreign Language Skills. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Profita, Dini R., et al. (2014). "Improving English Vocabulary Mastery by Using Crossword Puzzle." English Education: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris Universitas Sebelas Maret, vol. 2, no. 2, 2014.

Widyasari, Zunita. (2010). The Use of Crossword to Improve Vocabulary Mastery of the First Year Students of MA Al Bidayah Candi Bandungan in the Academic Year of 2009/ 2010. Journal of Universitas Islam Negeri Salatiga.




How to Cite

Mansur, N., Fatima, & Zulfikri, Z. (2023). IMPROVING VOCABULARY MASTERY THROUGH CROSSWORD PUZZLE. Datokarama English Education Journal, 4(1), 51–60.